2009 year


My name is Rinaldo Rozzi electrotechnical engineer and archaeologist.

I was born in Bologna the 1st October 1917 from Donato Rozzi from Abruzzo district and Irma Malavasi from Emilia district, and I departed from this world because of a destiny trick the 6th July 1955. I have had two eldest brothers, Ferdinando and Clara, who, as I was said, is still living nowadays with her 94 years: without any accident my race will be long-lived. My family, when I was born, was living in Bologna because of my mother’ relatives but my father’s properties were all in Abruzzo particularly in Teramo, Campli, Tortoreto. My father in his life has worked how was suitable for a land-owner from Abruzzo buying, selling and co-ordinating someone else work. For us sons it has been all another music, but probably I wouldn’t have liked otherwise. I have few remembering of my life and childhood above all those that my son has about me. I frequented the classical lyceum in Bologna, to start engineering I have had to work hardly to study mathematics which would be useful to me, but then the severe preparation of the lyceum has permitted me to go on quickly. In Bologna I got in 1041 the degree in electrotechnical engineering, paying guest care of Grandi sisters in Albergati Palace in Saragozza street, having my family gone back to Abruzzo. Money at that time were not much but two scholarships and a prize from the National Council of Research helped me to finish the studies with praise and to go on with an year of specialization. There was the war, I would have liked to serve the country but the same country did not permit it asking me in change to study aeronautical engineering but even for this there was  no time. Instead my brother Nando, after having fought for the country and the ideal, at first against the communists then against the wicked Albion, became at least a white partisan. He always told me the danger at that time came from the back much more than from the battle front. Strangeness of life. My sister Clara, with a degree in Italian literature and a diploma in pianoforte, when the battle front passed married an agreeable polish officer, Wlodek, if I am right, who escaped in a few time going back to Poland to his wife. She were in love, her marriage was nullified by Sacra Rota and she never married again consecrating her best years to her parents. My father Donato made a big mistake in fact he changed job. He supported with others the initiative “ Martinsicuro ferrous sands”, work of some honest roman entrepreneurs, who disappeared with the social capital of the just established society. But he had an honour to safeguard and he payd all the debts in gold liras,, the only money that did not devalue with the war, reducing the family in the summer house of Tortoreto, with few remained lands, all the rest lost. These are the hardest and the most beautiful years of my life. Forced to a compelled inactivity from the front passage in 1944 I found out my life passion, reading about Abruzzo in “ Studies of prehistory and story” by Concezio Rosa and having the luck that my father had lands seats of ancient Neolithic tribes, even if nobody knew it yet. It is true that often ploughing the peasants found those that they called “sajettì” because they believed they were arrows, thunderbolts fallen down and solidified in stone, instead of ancient points of arrows or launch. Sometimes teeth, bones, slabs of burial even more recent came to light. There was enough to stir up the interest of a person with my personality and my curiosity. I started archaeological excavations in family lands with the passion of the neophyte and the scientific rigour of the engineer, and anywhere I was in the following years to live I looked for, dug, found vestiges of our ancient ancestors. But I never stopped to love my beautiful country of Abruzzo and a church in particular, Saint Mary of Propezzano near Notaresco of Teramo, which has the special fascination of the ancient Benedictine monasteries: even after several  changes due to the times its ancient soul remains still alive. When the war went away I worked at first as a simple worker in Rome, then  I  started  in 1945 as engineer  in the Terni hydro-electrical society, that was named so because of its owners and only accidentally had seat in Terni with the famous steel-plants. From my salaries I always sent the most to my parents and not only for respect, I sincerely loved them. I soon became the youngest manager in the society, as chief section of the technical office of the machineries, and here my son Carlo Maria claims that I say, for real merits. They were the years of the rebuilding: what the Germans had not mined and destroyed during the retreat was anyway in pitiful conditions, all had to be recovered, all rebuilt with technical means  reduced to essential. Among the several remarkable things, invented or discovered again by force and by necessity, I built a magnetic disposal with which I found an imperfection of a turbine in its tree which had a length of 7 meters which was straightened and reused. I projected the structure and the power of the dam of Gualdo Tadino care of the Divino Amore convent in one of the most beautiful zone of Italy ( see Gualdo Tadino ). In 1946 I was yet chief power plant in Cotilia, near Cittaducale of Rieti. There I knew my wife Hadrian de Hieronymis, of ancient Abruzzo blood as I, in spite of the particular surname, whom I married in L’Aquila cathedral on July 16th 1947. She was my fellow –life and of archaeological digs till the end and still today she remembers me with love ( see a short writing by Hadrian de Hieronymis with notes about techniques and archaeological digs). It is true that now she wouldn’t accept that is the man to decide everything, but she doesn’t remember that I have never acted if not for the good of the family. When she asked me an opinion, to make her angry I often replied her in a serious way: “ You do, then I  shall judge”. On the 25th July 1948 my daughter Donatella was born, on the 15th February 1952 my son Carlo Maria was born. My wife still has little sheets of paper where all the family expenses were noted and programmed: I smoked 10 cigarettes per day ,  national export without filter, those green, regularly reported as voice of expenses in exit. The cigarettes and the human foolishness decreed my strange end. I wanted to do a radiography to understand if the gastritis could be the beginning of an ulcer, perhaps due to the smoke perhaps to the stress, but for bigger tranquillity in a private clinic and not in the first-aid station agreed with the Terni society. They killed me when I was 38 years old on the 6th July 1955 giving me as contrast liquid some barium sulphate for industrial use instead of medical use, having scarce professionality to understand that after 8 hours. So the gastric lavage did not save me. Two doctors were struck off the medical album and thank to my wife’s determination in accusing them my sons have enjoyed of a right compensation that has helped them to grow. They say that this was a meagre consolation if they have not had a father  and  that it is better to live poor than orphan: I am afraid not to have had the possibility to do more for them. My family transferred after short time in Bologna were my mother’s sister, Elide Malavasi, gave a job and an help to my wife, then the years passé slowly till the day when my son discovered with surprise that in Ostia municipality a street was entitled to my name as archaeologist. I never was  a professional archaeologist but someone has equally wanted to recognize my merits and so I am remembered, near Pallottino and Brunn and many others. Now I wish to report what in my life I did to favour my big passion because all I found does not go lost of all. The collaboration and the friendship with Prof. Antonio Maria Radmilli was fundamental because he participated several times to our researches, you can see him with me and my wife during the dig of a bottom of hut in Pianaccio in the valley of Salinello river in Tortoreto (Te). When I left he drew up a short memory of my activity as archaeologist on the “ Bulletin of Italian Paletnology”” vol. 65 of the 19546 entitled “ The contribution of Rinaldo Rozzi to the study of the prehistory in Abruzzo”. To the state of art in 1955 Prof. Radmilli thought that the Pianaccio culture was equal to that of Ripoli, place at about 7 kms. South of the same Pianaccio, characterized by pottery ceramics ( or with fine depurated grain) and by arrow peaks and points of lance with mono and bifacial processing. He was sure that the most ancient found tools, of musterian structure (Middle Paleolithic) with traces of double patina were only of reuse of the Pianaccio inhabitants, that it is found in old deposits and rearranged to be used. Likewise there were not evident traces that these inhabitants were survived till the Aeneolithic (bronze age).Therefore they were villages dated at the Middle Neolithic, probably dating back to the 4th millennium B. C. with cultural traces such as    (presence of points of arrow, absent in the so called Neolithic Italian culture) to make to deem that they had been founded by alien populations which appropriated themselves in Italy, coming by land-carriage or by sea from centers of irradiation then not yet located. What are the developments till today of this hypothesis I do not know, because by force of things I have lost the thread of the speech, by the way one of the accredited thesis is that there has been a diffusion, for contiguity or emigration, from the Fertile Crescent towards the Balkans and Italy of the techniques of soil cultivation and of the realization of tools for this aim, and of more well-developed weapons and containers made by ceramics. At page 29 of the publication Italy and Rumania” edited by Edipuglia in 2004 it is possible to see a map with an hypothesis of the directrices of such a diffusion. In 1954-55 I had however an original intuition recognized by the same Radmilli in the final page of the above named “ Contribution”, which pushed myself to have the chemical and mineralogical composition of the Pianaccio pottery ceramics analyzed ( belonging to Ripoli type) and to confront  it with this one of similar type found in Sebenico digs done by Prof. Josip Korosec, prehistory lecturer at the Lubiana university, whom I had known in the meantime. The affinity between these ceramics were such to make us think that there were commercial exchanges, besides cultural, between the opposite banks of the Adriatic. The fact by itself nowadays would be meaningless, except that at that time the navigation was hardly  certainly limited to the little cabotage thank to the use of monossil pirogues ( realized digging an unique trunk), like that one long 10 meters found in 1933 in Bracciano lake called “ monossil  pirogue Marmot the 1st” pushed by paddles not being probably yet known the use of the sails, certificated with certainty only from the 3rd millennium B.C. in Egypt both from written texts as from discoveries. It is admirable as the talent, or the need, pushed our ancestors to face with so inadequate means the dangers of the sea that even today terrify us in case of storm. A short notice merits the discovery  of obsidian fragments in Pianaccio seat as in many others contemporary or antecedent, that shows as the commerce of such natural glass were active at least from the 5th millennium B.C. Considered that all the principal Mediterranean obsidian deposits are insular ( Pantelleria, Lipari, Palmarola in the Ponziane islands, Mount Arci in Sardegna, Milos island in Egeo) we know that it has to be transported  by sea to spread then by land, for example from the Tirreno towards the Abruzzo through the Appennini. As it was undoubtedly a rare and precious mineral, extremely suited to realize sharpened weapons and sophisticated jewels, it is not easy to understand which were the merchandises of equal value  mutual with it. Probably as for the ancient even if very following mintage of bronze and copper, a small object realized in rare and useful material ( even fusible again, in case of bronze, for different uses) could value many big objects but of current use. I started the digs in Pianaccio in the Salinello valley in 1944 looking at once  for contacts and cooperation with the competent authorities. It was for this that I knew the professors Umberto Calzoni and Pietro Baroncelli of Pigorini Museum in Rome and then Prof. Antonio Radmilli, starting to publish in the first 50s the results of my researches. In the Act of Lincei National Academy vol. VII series VIII numbers 1-6 1953, I present a relation of the digs done by me in 1952 in Pianaccio in the 52 and 53 huts and I speak about the near Ferri, S Donato and Costa del Monte stations, this last discovered  by Prof. Radmilli with the Passionist friar Prof. Father Natale Cavatassi, journalist, writer and divulger. In 52 hut I found above other a tiny  obsidian blade  and in 55 hut a scraper of musterian technique which presented two patinas and it had so quite surely been found in deposits of Middle Paleolithic and reused. The two photos here reported are referred to the Pianaccio digs on August 1951. In the first photo, referred to the 35 hut, are visible from the left on foot Prof. Radmilli, Walter de Hieronymis Hadrian’s brother, Father  Cavatassi and I, bent to observe, while in the first plain a collaborator whom I do not remember the name of, in the second Prof. Radmilli sleeps in the bottom of the same hut. These digs were done by me in Salinello valley according to a program coordinated with the Committee for the prehistoric  researches in Abruzzo, built in those years from various students and keens  among which the same Radmilli and the superintendent Valerio Cianfarani, committee with which I collaborated. All the digs and all the findings were scientifically noted in a block completed by relieves and drawings made by china of the hand-made found, its contents are in a good part unpublished and that I report in the following hope they could contain yet information s or explanations that can add something interesting to the modern research. The starting was, as all the starting, poor in means but rich in boldness, I limited myself at the beginning to pick up and catalogue  what often, after the ploughings, I found in our lands, in uncle’s Raffaele and our neighbor Cavatassi’s. Cone in ownership of Concezio Rosa’s writings who had done in the last years of  the eighteen  hundred some digs  and relieves in the near Vibrata valley I understood that, probably for the nearness of the places, the hand-made presented notable affinities. Really I found melted objects realized with techniques but also very different capacities. Here are so my notes which resume the done digs and the hand-made found in Pianaccio locality of Tortoreto Lido and its neighborhood in years 1944 and 1947.